should cet-4(6) be abandoned?
there has been a heated discussion about whether to keep the college english test band 4(6) in the universities. some people argue that the test has become an obstacle to the teaching of english on campuses, while others maintain that the advantages of the test outweigh its disadvantages. as far as the first group of people are concerned, they give the following arguments. for one thing, many students spend most of their time preparing for the test, therefore their focus is not on learning english better but on getting a high mark. for another, many teachers don't concentrate on how to improve the students' abilities. they only care how many of their students can pass the test. however, there are many people who believe the test should stay. to begin with, the test is the most effective way to measure how well the students have learned english. what's more, we can come up with some ways to lessen the negative effect. as far as i am concerned, each side is right in a certain way. we have to keep the test so students will have better motivation to learn english. however, we can't attach too much importance to the scores of the test. after all, it is just a test, isn't it?
it is 3 a.m.。everything on the university campus seems ghostlike in the quiet,misty darkness —everything except the computer center.here, twenty students sit transfixed at their consoles,tapping away on the terminal keys.with eyes glued to the video screen,they tap on for hours.
for the rest of the world,it might be the middle of the night,but here time does not exist.this is a world unto itself.these young computer “hackers” are pursuing a kind of compulsion,a drive so consuming it overshadows nearly every other part of their lives and forms the focal point of their existence.they are compulsive computer programmers.some of these students have been at the console for thirty hours or more without a break for meals or sleep.some have fallen asleep on sofas and lounge chairs in the computer center,trying to catch a few winks but loathe to get too far away from their beloved machines.
most of these students don’t have to be at the computer center in the middle of the night.they aren’t working on assignments.they are there because they want to be —they are irresistibly drawn there.and they are not alone.there are hackers at computer centers all across the country.in their extreme form, they focus on nothing else.they flunk out of school and lose contact with friends;they might have difficulty finding jobs,choosing instead to wander from one computer center to another.
they may even forgo personal hygiene.“i remember one hacker.we literally had to carry him off his chair to feed him and put him to sleep.we really feared for his health,”says a computer science professor at science teachers are now more aware of the implications of this hacker phenomenon and are on the lookout for potential hackers and cases of computer addiction that are already severe.they know that the case of the hackers is not just the story of one person’s relationship with a machine.it is the story of a society’s relationship to the so-called thinking machines.
since the 1950s, most of the stars of pop music have come from britain and america.however, in the last ten years,when many different kinds of music have established themselves on the pop scene,more and more stars have come from other countries.pop music changes all the time and new stars appear and become famous.
many of today’s stars started out in the 1960s and have changed their music to suit the time.although most stars take many years to become famous,their fame does not usually last long.for a musician to stay popular and still produce good,original music over a long period of time,is a sign of true stars start their careers in a simple way —playing in unknown nightclubs or dance halls where people want to dance to the music,not listen to it.
they may have continued doing this for many years until they get a “break” —a chance to perform in a well-known place or get a recording become a star is the aim of every singer or musician and the dream of many a pop-crazy teenager.however a group or star makes it to the top,they can be sure that their lives will change once they are successful.
ordinary teenagers living at home with their parents may suddenly find themselves rich enough to buy their own houses. an established superstar may be able to buy several.despite the large amounts of money that are earned,life at the top is not easy for many stars.the pop scene is hard work and many stars need to spend a lot of time away from home.
for a lot of them,this means they have no home life and their personal relationships suffer.in spite of great public success,life at the top can be very lonely.
brain drain in china
composition for reference nowadays, one of the most serious problems china is faced with is brain drain. while shortages of talent trouble many universities and state-owned enterprises, millions of talented people either emigrate to developed countries or work for foreign companies. at the same time, a big crowd of well-educated people who are determined to follow their footsteps take toefl or gre as their passport to the west. however, people see this phenomenon in different perspectives. some hold the opinion that china suffers a lot from brain drain. they argue, on the one hand, that brain drain considerably weakens our international competitiveness. on the other hand, they believe that the talent should serve their native country first. in contrast, others highlight the advantages of international exchange and cooperation. they claim that chinese youths should go abroad to study and gain more experience. what's more, the long-term benefits will outweigh losses we suffer now. brain drain poses a challenge. china should go all out to attract talented people in order to better compete in the world. for one thing, decent living and working conditions should be offered to specialists. for another, we have to better develop our economy, which is a sure bait for all kinds of talent.
intelligence-nature or nurture?
are some people born clever, and others born stupid? or is intelligence developed by our environment or experience? strangely enough, the answer to both questions is yes。
on the one hand, if we take two people at random from the crowd, it is very likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely different. however, if we take two identical twins, chances are that they will be as intelligent as each other. therefore, a conclusion can be drawn that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. the closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence。
on the other hand, though, if we put two identical twins in different environments, for example, we might send one to university and the other to a factory where the work is boring, we would find differences in their intelligence several years later, which indicates that environment does play a crucial role in our intelligence。
just as every coin has two sides, our intelligence is partly born and partly developed. the sure way to develop our intelligence is intelligent parents as well as a good environment.
born to win
each human being is born as something new,something that never existed before.each is born with the capacity to win at life.each person has a unique way of seeing,hearing, touching, tasting and thinking.each has his or her own unique potential capabilities and limitations.each can be a significant, thinking,aware and creative being —a productive person, a winner.the word “winner” and “loser” have many meanings.when we refer to a person as a winner,we do not mean one who makes someone else us,a winner is one who responds authentically by being credible,trustworthy, responsive, and genuine,both as an individual and as a member of a society.
winners do not dedicate their lives to a concept of what they imagine they should be; rather,they are themselves and as such do not use their energy putting on a performance,maintaining pretence, and manipulating others.they are aware that there is a differencebetween being loving and acting loving,between being stupid and acting stupid,between being knowledgeable and acting knowledgeable.winners do not need to hide behind a mask.winners are not afraid to do their own thinking and to use their own knowledge.they can separate facts from opinion and don’t pretend to have all the answers.
they listen to others, evaluate what they say,but come to their own conclusions.although winners can admire and respect other people,they are not totally defined,demolished, bound, or awed by them.winners do not play “helpless”，nor do they play the blaming game.instead, they assume responsibility for their own lives.they do not give others a false authority over them.winners are their own bosses and know it.a winner’s timing is right.winners respond appropriately to the situation.their responses are related to the message sent and preserve the significance,worth, well-being, and dignity of the people involved.
winners know that for everything there is a season and for every activity a time.although winners can freely enjoy themselves,they can also postpone enjoyment,can discipline themselves in the present to enhance their enjoyment in the future.winners are not afraid to go after what they want,but they do so in appropriate ways.winners do not get their security by controlling others.they do not set themselves up to lose.a winner cares about the world and its peoples.a winner is not isolated from the general problems of society,but is concerned, compassionate,and committed to improving the quality of life.even in the face of national and international adversity,a winner’s self-image is not one of a powerless individual.a winner works to make the world a better place.